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PS3 Hacker Mathieulh on 3.60 Firmware LV0 Dump Exploit & Keys


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187w ago - Today PS3 hacker [Register or Login to view links] has tweeted some new details on dumping LV0 from PlayStation 3 3.60 Firmware and obtaining the new keys, followed by [Register or Login to view links] claiming he has already reproduced it to confirm it works.

Below are all the tweets, as follows:

Mathieulh's Tweets:

  • xShadow125 You can update from your own pup only from 3.55 or lower, unless you have an exploit.
  • xShadow125 Of course that should be fixed in upcoming lv0 revisions anyway (By moving the ldrs to the top of lv0)
  • xShadow125 You run the 3.60 lv0, then you switch the nor, and pull the cell reset line, and you dump the extra KBs where the loaders are.
  • xShadow125 Basically you have a nor with 3.55 (or lower) lv0 and your own small lv1 code that does the dump, and 3.60 lv0 on the other.
  • xShadow125 You wont get all of lv0 but the part with the loaders shouldn’t be overwritten.
  • xShadow125 You can actually get all the 3.60 keys/loaders without knowing lv0 keys by dumping lv0 from ram with dual nor and signed lv1.
  • To those planning on building a 3.56+ pup for whatever reason, the files attributes changed, the group and user ids for the files as well.
  • The new 3.56+ values for tarballs are the following: owner_id, "0000764" group_id, "0000764" owner, "tetsu" group, "tetsu" ustar, "ustar"
  • You can use fix_tar to use those new values. Use with caution.
  • By comparison, those are the pre-3.56 values. owner_id, "0001752" group_id, "0001274" owner, "pup_tool" group, "psnes" ustar, "ustar"
  • Ps3WeOwnYoU You need to either decrypt or dump lv0, then you can get the encrypted loaders and decrypt them with the metldr key. Good luck.

So, to decrypt this LV0 thing, we need to get to know it better. In the latest blog post by [Register or Login to view links], he has explained briefly what LV0 is in the console’s security.

Anyway, let’s really discuss something PS3 instead of my PC xD, let’s start with Lv0, the most unknown level of the PS3. Lv0 initializes PS3 base hardware such as PowerPC/PPU portion of Cell/BE, SPU isolation for asecure_loader, and gelic ethernet/WLAN device. Lv0 also proudly proclaims itself as the "Cell OS Bootloader".

In older firmwares, 0.80-ish to 3.56, Lv0 initialized SPU isolation on one of the SPUs, then it loaded and decrypted asecure_loader. Asecure_loader or metldr then decrypts the isolated loader, in this case, lv1ldr, then lv1ldr decrypts lv1.self. In 3.60 this changed. Lv0 now has all of the loaders integrated into it as one large fat binary.

All the keys one needs such as Public ECDSA key/AES CBC key and Initialization Vector and ECDSA curve type are in there. Just go ahead and grab them if you can get the ldrs out of the binary.

So, unless you can decrypt Lv0, no 3.60 "CFW" for you . Is there any need for it anyway?

Mathieulh also has some facts to clarify about LV0.

1. lv0 isn’t a loader it’s a ppu binary
2. Lv0 isn’t encrypted per console and can be updated with the rest of the coreos
3. Lv0 is decrypted by the bootloader, there is no such thing as a lv0ldr.
4. The bootloader keys cannot be updated/modified on EXISTING hardware
5. lv0.2 is NOT a binary, it’s a new metadata for lv0 which is to be decrypted and verified by a new bootloader (which is to be available on future ps3s), it is NOT used by the current bootloader (and thus in current playstation 3 consoles)

But wait, messing with this thing could lead to the YLOD tragedy, unless you have those expensive NOR flasher you might want to proceed, and that’s according to rms again.

Lv0 also does some more interesting stuff such as SPU mailbox handling, and eEID integrity checks. Lv0 also used to check for QA flag and proper token, that is now in a spu isolated self in Core OS. Now, if you did tamper with eEID, lv0 will panic out, and your console will then "YLOD", and you’d need a flasher for your PS3 to recover.

Finally, from [Register or Login to view links] on lv0: Lv0 initializes PS3 base hardware such as PowerPC/PPU portion of Cell/BE, SPU isolation for asecure_loader, and gelic ethernet/WLAN device. Lv0 also proudly proclaims itself as the "Cell OS Bootloader". In older firmwares, 0.80-ish to 3.56, Lv0 initialized SPU isolation on one of the SPUs, then it loaded and decrypted asecure_loader.

Asecure_loader or metldr then decrypts the isolated loader, in this case, lv1ldr, then lv1ldr decrypts lv1.self. In 3.60 this changed. Lv0 now has all of the loaders integrated into it as one large fat binary. All the keys one needs such as Public ECDSA key/AES CBC key and Initialization Vector and ECDSA curve type are in there. Just go ahead and grab them if you can get the ldrs out of the binary.

So, unless you can decrypt Lv0, no 3.60 "CFW" for you. Is there any need for it anyway?

Lv0 also does some more interesting stuff such as SPU mailbox handling, and eEID integrity checks. Lv0 also used to check for QA flag and proper token, that is now in a spu isolated self in Core OS. Now, if you did tamper with eEID, lv0 will panic out, and your console will then "YLOD", and you’d need a flasher for your PS3 to recover.




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#1 - PS3 News - 190w ago
Today PS3 hacker Mathieulh reports finding a PlayStation 3 Firmware 3.56 exploit, although he states he has no plans to give any further details about it.

To quote from PSX-Scene (linked above): Well-known hacker Mathieu Hervais has reportedly found a bug that allows exploiting metldr, the bootloader and firmware version 3.56. Unfortunately, he refuses to release it.

Originally Posted by Mathieulh (via [Register or Login to view links]):

I hesitated a lot before tweeting about it, but a bug allows exploiting metldr, the bootloader and 3.56+. I don't intent to ever unveil it.

So much for "unhackable" PS3s though... I am not giving any further details about it. Sorry.

Actually the revocation list exploit doesn't allow you to exploit isoldr, you could however sign a revoke list if you had the revocation list keys and knew the sign fail, and use that to dump isoldr. Metldr does not load revocation lists.

This has been tested, how do you think I could release the lv2ldr and appldr keys ? (about 24hrs before Geohot showed up with metldr keys) This has been tested, how do you think I could release the lv2ldr and appldr keys ? (about 24hrs before Geohot showed up with metldr keys)

You can also dump any loader using a signed metadata (including metldr) though that means you need to have the keys for it in the first place (kinda kills the purpose)

Your entire purpose is to get the isolated process (the code running inside the spu) to jump to your instructions

For exemple the following instructions will dump the isolated LS to the SPU mailbox:

loop:
rdch $3, ch29
lqd $3, 0($3)
wrch ch28, $3
rotqbyi $3, $3, 4
wrch ch28, $3
rotqbyi $3, $3, 4
wrch ch28, $3
rotqbyi $3, $3, 4
wrch ch28, $3
up_one:
br loop
br up_one

Of course you'll need a ppu payload to fetch the mailbox data. Metldr is trivial to dump now that you can sign your loader, but I wont say anything more on this.

Finally the problem with isoldr and the revoke list exploit isn't so much that the exploit doesn't work (it actually does) It's that the payload from the crafted revoke list overwrites isoldr keys (which kinda kills the whole purpose), You can however get the revoke list keys from lv2ldr or appldr using the revoke list exploit and then sign a revoke list metadata to exploit isoldr later on. (There are other ways to get isoldr though, including the 3.60+ exploit I have (but there is at least another I know of) Again, good luck in your endeavor.

There is more than one npdrm key. It's not been released because the ones who have the skills to do it do not remotely care about pirating PlayStation store games (obviously).

Finally, in related PS3 homebrew news today a PS3 FW Downloader application has been released which includes Official PS3 Firmware 2.50 - 3.55 and has Geohot, Kmeaw, Wutangraz PS3 Custom Firmware and 3.55 Downgrader support.

More PlayStation 3 News...

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